Relief, climate, soils
An overall view
The relief is plain
or hilly - this is the beginning of the Fore Balkan. The average altitude is 110
m above sea level.
The climate is
The soils are
mostly alluvial meadow soils or leached black earth.
The Rositsa River
The main water
artery passing through the town's territory is the Rositsa River. There are
groundwater, springs and drinking fountains. The irrigation canals of the
Alexander Stamboliiski Dam and the Rositsa 2 Hydroelectric Power Station are
sources of irrigation of the cultivable lands.
The surroundings of
Byala Cherkva are a harmonious combination of beautiful nature and cultural
and historical sights. Coniferous forests, field grasses, flowers, herbs and
mushrooms grow there. The first low hills of the Fore Balkan are situated
there, grown with mixed forests of oaks, maples, acacias, limes and poplars. The shrubs alternate with a variety of grasses and flowers. The
meadows are covered snowdrops, squills, crocuses, hellebores and violets in
the early spring.
Byala Cherkva fascinates its inhabitants
and visitors with its wonderful nature
The region is rich
in medicinal plants – dog rose, sumac, marjoram, thyme, St. John,s wort,
camomile, jointweed, plantain etc. There are various mushrooms - field
mushrooms, parasol mushrooms, cepes, Brown Ring Boletuses.
The fauna is
represented by mammals (the wild boar, the hare, the fox, the hedgehog),
game birds (the wren and the partridge) and fishes (the carp, the sheat-fish,
the barbel, the chub).
Except the rich
variety of animal and plant species, there are natural sights and protected
objects in the region - age-old trees, stork nests, etc.